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What is Migraine? What are its symptoms and stages?

Migraine is a severe and painful headache, usually on the one side of the head. People often feel different symptoms, along with some warning signs. This extreme pain can last for hours or even days.

Symptoms of Migraine

Migraine sometimes begins in childhood; it can also develop in adolescence or early adulthood. There are four stages of migraines, such as prodrome, aura, headache, and post-drome. It is very likely that the patient will not experience all stages.

Prodome

This condition usually occurs before a migraine. You may notice some changes which include:

  • Constipation
  • Food cravings
  • Neck stiffness
  • Frequent yawning
  • Mood changes

Aura

This condition may occur before or during the headaches. However, most of the people don’t feel the aura in migraine. This condition usually occurs due to the disturbance in the nervous system.

Attack

If migraine is untreated, it might last up to 72 hours. The frequency and severity of migraine may vary from person to person. During the attack of migraine, you may also experience:

  • Pain on both or one side of the head
  • Throbbing pain
  • Blurred vision
  • Lightheadedness
  • Sensitivity to light

Post-drome

This is the last phase of the migraine., occurs after the attack. In this condition some people elated. You may also face:

  • Confusion
  • Dizziness
  • Weakness
  • Moodiness
  • Sensitivity to light

What are the causes of migraine?

The primary causes of migraine are not known yet. However, genetics and environment can play a big role in its occurrence. According to research, a chemical imbalance in the brain can increase the pain, which leads to a migraine.
Here are some factors that can trigger the migraine. Those factors include:

  • Hormonal changes
  • Foods
  • Drinks
  • Stress
  • Physical factors
  • Medications
  • Sleep disorder

Treatment

There are various treatments you can follow to treat the migraine. You can also change your lifestyle. Some lifestyle changes include:

  • Drinking plenty of water
  • Reduce stress
  • Avoid certain foods
  • Regular physical exercises

Medications can also be used to reduce the effects of migraine. There are various types of medications you can use to treat migraines, including painkillers. You can also use Maxalt, Imigran, and Sumatriptan to treat the migraine.


Any Questions?