What is Urinary incontinence? What are its major types and causes?
Urinary incontinence is accidental or unintentional leakage of urine. This can happen to anyone at any age. However, this is more common in people or older age, especially women.
Causes of Incontinence
Incontinence can happen due to various reasons. Urinary tract infection, vaginal infection, constipation, and irritation can also cause urinary incontinence.
Some common causes are:
- Weak bladder muscles
- Weak pelvic floor muscles
- Overactive bladder
- Damage to the nerves that control bladder
- Pelvic organ prolapsed
Types of urinary incontinence
There are four types of urinary incontinence.
Stress incontinence – Leakage of the urine after the pressure is put on the bladder. This can occur while exercising, sneezing, coughing and laughing. This is the most common type of incontinence in women.
Urge incontinence – In this condition, the patient feels a sudden urge of urination. In this, the patient cannot control urine for long enough to go to the toilet. This condition is more common in people who have diabetes.
Overflow incontinence – When the bladder gets full, the small amount of urine leaks from the bladder. The enlarged bladder can have a problem in emptying the bladder.
Functional incontinence – This is more common in people of older age or those who have arthritis. In this condition, the bladder usually works. However, they feel it hard to get to the toilet within the time
Treatment may vary depending on the patient’s health, age, mental state. It may also depend on the type of incontinence.
Pelvic floor exercises help a person to strengthen the urinary and pelvic floor muscles.
You can also delay the urine for a specific time to increase the control over the bladder. You can also set a timetable for your toilet visit. You can go to the toilet every 2 hours to empty your bladder.
For better results, you can use medicines with a combination of Kegel exercises and bladder training. Detrusitol and Vesicare are the medicines mostly used to prevent the urinary incontinence.